What Is The 1900 Buganda Agreement

At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, asked the British authorities to take control of Uganda. [2] On 29 May 1893, a contract between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another contract with Colonel H.E. Colvile, who favoured the conventional acquisition of the territory. [3] Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as defined by the Berlin Conference, stumbled upon the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional leaders and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached, contrary to a treaty, so that British domination would become de jure and not de facto. [3] Before the agreement was signed, the whole country in Buganda belonged to Kabaka, hence the title Sabataka. Assuming that the territory of the Kingdom of Uganda, which extends within the borders mentioned in the agreement, amounts to 19,600 square miles, it will be divided into the following proportions: The signing of 1900 took place after years of negotiations under the leadership of Bishop Alfred Tucker. It is not surprising that the Anglican Church, under the missionary society of the Church, took the lion`s share in the new administration after the signing of the Agreement.

The agreement had three sections: power-sharing, the public finance system and the country. But there were difficulties because Kabaka Chwa was only a minor who was not involved in the negotiations. However, with the signing of the 1900 Agreement, land was allocated to Kabaka, its family members and its leaders, as civil servants and also as individuals. The land issue was addressed in Article 15, which estimated the total area of land in Buganda at 19,600 square miles. But the agreement also stipulated that if a survey were to be conducted, and it was found that Buganda had less than 19,600 square miles, “then the part of the country that must be entrusted to Her Majesty`s Government will be reduced to the extent by the lack found in the estimated area.” After the agreement came into force, the country was divided in Buganda to Mailo and Kronland. Mailo Land belonged to the von Buganda government and its officials, while the Crown belonged to the protectorate government. The Uganda Herald newspaper of August 14, 1914 reproduces the oath: “I Daudi Chwa, I swear that I will serve our sovereign lord King George V well and truly in Kabaka`s office in Buganda, and I will do well to all kinds of people according to the law and the use of the protectorate of Uganda, without fear or favor, affection of goodwill.

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